Two types of graft exist: autogenous and allogenic. The goal of any gingival graft is to thicken the attached gum tissue and, if possible, cover the exposed root of the tooth in question.
Autogenous gum graft (from the patient’s palate):
Autogenous gum grafting involves adding connective tissue to the area with a recession problem. This tissue was taken from the patient’s palate.
Course of treatment with autogenous graft
It takes approximately 1 hour 30 minutes for the surgical procedure:
- The dentist performs local anesthesia at the site of the graft collection (patient’s palate) as well as at the site requiring the transplant.
- Then, the graft is removed.
- Finally, the tissue is grafted at the site where the gum is loosened.The dentist will give you post-operative instructions as well as follow-up appointments a few weeks after the procedure to ensure healing before removing the stitches.
Allogeneic gum graft
Same principle as an autogenous gingival graft, but the graft comes from another human. The donor’s tissues are subjected to the same rigorous tests as any other implantable tissue or organ (heart, lung, kidney, etc.). The manufacturer only uses tissue supplied by banks accredited by the American Association of Tissue Banks.
This type of transplant is increasingly favored since it causes only one healing site unlike the autogenous one which causes two (the palate and the site receiving the transplant).
Procedure of the graft with ALLODERM®
- The duration of treatment is approximately 1 hour 30 minutes. It is done without pain under local anesthesia.
- First, the dental surgeon “detaches” the tissue from the existing gum tissue in order to create room for the graft.
- The graft is then placed under the gum tissue at the site of the recession.
- As soon as the graft is installed, most of the treatment comes, which is the stage of placing the stitches. These points will be removed by the dentist in the following weeks. Postoperative appointments are also to be scheduled to ensure a good recovery.
The advantages of a gum graft with ALLODERM®
- Prevents tissue taking from your mouth
- Several sections can be processed simultaneously.
- Tooth root coverage
- Optimal aesthetic result
- Minimal discomfort following the intervention
- Much faster recovery (the patient can work the same day and the next day)
The advantages of gum grafting:
- This procedure strengthens and stabilizes the gum tissue adhering to the tooth.
- It protects the tooth against loosening.
- It decreases the sensitivity of teeth with gingival recessions insofar as the root is covered by new gum tissue.
- The success rate is high
- Depending on the case, it can also restore the aesthetics of the smile.
It is difficult to answer the question as the price of the graft depends on many factors: dentist’s fees, technique used, extent of the area to be treated, extent of the gingival recession etc … You can expect between 500$ and 1000$ on average.