If you get up in the morning with sore jaw muscles or with a headache, you may be suffering from bruxism – grinding and clenching of teeth. Bruxism can cause dental pain and / or make teeth mobile; sometimes even pieces of teeth can come off (fracture). In the long term, bruxism can destroy the bone and soft tissue around the teeth. It can also cause problems with the temporomandibular joint. (ATM).

Who is concerned ?

This disorder affects both children and adults.

It has many forms: The first form is static and is often accompanied by clenching of the teeth. This form of bruxism can also occur upon awakening. The person is therefore aware of it and can manage to control it.

The second form of bruxism is dynamic and is characterized by teeth grinding. The person is unconscious because the squeaking occurs during sleep.

What are the consequences?

Lack of control overnight dramatically increases tension, leading to severe shocks and / or dental rubbing.

In one night, a “bruxomaniac” can rub his teeth for 6 to 8 minutes, which, in the long run, causes more or less serious consequences: wear of the enamel, wear of the dentin (layer underlying the enamel), sensitization of the tooth to temperature changes and acidic foods, nerve damage and tooth fracture.

What treatments?

Nighttime bruxism (80% of cases) is psychosomatic in origin. It is linked to stress and is therefore beyond the control of the patient, which explains the difficulty in treating this type of bruxism.
Several treatments can be suggested by the practitioner:
– the installation of a gutter (protective role);
– the Biofeedback technique (sensors placed on the patient’s face and linked to an alarm clock: an effective technique but the effects of which disappear when the treatment is stopped);
– relaxation ;
– psychological treatments.
Note that sleep regulating drugs do not give good results.