There are several types of bone grafts. The following transplants are the most common :

  • Autogenic transplant— In this type of transplant, bone is taken from elsewhere in the body and implanted in the mouth. Common harvesting sites for this bone graft include the iliac section of the pelvis, the chin, and the posterior region of the third molars. If large amounts of bone are to be removed, the hip or tibia are usually used.

  • Allogeneic transplant — Synthetic (man-made) bone can be made in the lab and used in bone grafting procedures. Bone can also come from a bone bank (cadaver bones).

  • Xenogenic transplant — These are grafts from the bovine species. A xenograft is perfectly safe and is used successfully. A good amount of bone can be obtained and no other secondary donor is needed.